INTRODUCTION Of Indian Jyothish or Hindu Jyothish or Vedic Jyothish.
Vedas are the oldest, the most authentic and the most sacred scriptures to understand the mysteries of nature Vedas are oldest books in the library of the world.’
The date when did the Sourya Mandal came into existence is written in ” BramandPuraan “.
Chaitre mase Jagat Brahmaa sasarva prathameah ani
Shukla pakshe samgara tat tada Suryaorudaye sati
pravarthaya masa tada kaalasya Ganana mapi graham
naga nutanmaasan vatsaranvatsa raadhi paan”
On the Chaitra month Pratipada Tithi, Ravi Vaar (Sunday) at sunrise when every Graha was in Ashwani Nakshatra of Mesha Rashi at that time Brahmma completed the creation of Srishti from that time onwards all the Grahas started revolving in their resective orbits and new days & nights, vaar, titthi maas ayan varsha sanvatsar etc came in to existence and the new world started its function wth creation of Vishwa .
The most ancient Granths ( Sacred texts) are the vedas Vedas fre the origin of all Vidya”s or Knowledge.Jyothish is apart of Vedas.The Veds has six parts or Angas
To understand the meaning of these Vedas, our Rishis have categorised the Vedas into six parts. Jyothish Astrology is one of them and considered as the sixth sense which helps one to see all the unseen objects and the future events of the world.
The Sanskrit word “Jyotisha” (ja-yo-teesh) means ” light of Knowledge”.
What is Jyothish ?
The Knowledge of knowing the three dimensions of time Past Present & future with help calculations of Heavenly bodies in the Sky is called Vedic Jyothish Shastra.
Meaning of Jyothish Shastra (Jyothihi Shastra ) The knowledge of
Giving light on the darkness covered Universe & on the unknown dimensions of Time Past,Present & Future.is called Jyothish Shastra.
“Jyothisham suryaadi grahaanam bodhakam shastram”
meaning :- the shastra which gives the knowledge of Surya & other Grahas is called Jyothish shastra.
Indian Vedic Astrology has two important aspects They are
Ancient Jyothish scripts divide Jyothish shatra in Three parts
Siddhanta Sanhita Hora Rupam Skanda Tryatmakam
Vedasya Nirmalam Chakshuha Jyuothish Shastram Kalpavam
Astrology is divided into three parts or subdivision :
Siddhant helps us to understand the good and evil results (effects), with the help of minute arithmetic calculations related to rising and setting of the planets, Nakshatras, stars, Rashis, the combination of planets (grahayoga), grahayudha and the eclipse of the Moon and the Sun.
Samhita means the good and evil effects, which occur due to the combination of the planets, day and night transitions and seasonal transitions that affect the whole world.
Jataka means the good and evil effects which occur during the transmigration of a soul through 84 lakh yonis, and the effects which the Isht, Lagna, Graha (planets) Nakshatras, have on the joy, sorrow, gain-loss, destiny and age.
Our most revered sages imagined about the planetary orbits by doing penance and Yoga for a long time. They also observed the motion of these heavenly bodies through a distinct and well-marked path in the sky which contains twelve zodiac signs.
At first one thing before learning vedic Astrolgy
The Language or style used in vedic astrology is different,so one must consider it in the context of Astrology only.
These twelve zodiac signs of the solar system are established in the twelve parts of our body. They are as follows:
Forehead – Aries (Mesh)
Mouth – Taurus (Vrishabh)
Chest area – Gemini (Mithun)
Heart – Cancer (Karka)
Stomach – Leo (Simha)
Waist – Virgo (Kanya)
Bladder – Libra (Tula)
Area below navel-Scorpio (Vrishchik)
Thighs – Sagittarius (Dhanu)
Knees – Capricorn (Makara)
Calf of leg – Aquarius (Kumbha)
Feet – Pisces (Meena)
The planets travelling in twelve zodiac signs have affect on the following:
The Sun has effect on – Soul (Aatma)
The Moon has effects on – Mind (Mana)
The Mars has effects on – Patience (Dhairya)
The Mercury has effects on – Voice (Vaani)
The Jupiter has effects on – Reasoning (Viveka)
The Venus has effect on – (Virya)
The Saturn has effect on – Sensitivity (Samvedana)
This implies that, the position of the seven planets and the twelve Zodiac signs are well established within our body.
The above mentioned organs and parts of the body are greatly influenced by the planets of the solar system and their movement.
Our ancient sages and Rishis, lacking the facilities of laboratories, had established the laws of Solar System, just by observing the internal solar system, which is within the body, with the help of Divine Sight and Yoga Bala.
it is called Vedic astrology, which refers to Indian or Hindu astrology. The origin of Jyotisha is from the Vedas, the scriptures of Hindus. Jyotisha is the science of understanding the subtle influences that come to us from the greater universe.
Vedic astrology reflects the understanding and experience of ancient spiritual teachers regarding the facts of life. Hindu philosophers, sages, went into great intricacies to explain God. They explain that world is evolving under the benevolent influence of a Divine Being. The Supreme Intelligence takes care of every individual and puts him under those circumstances which are best suited for his growth. This gives faith and confidence to the individual. Vedic astrology believes in the spiritual nature of man, and guides him in realizing his true self. It helps him realize that each soul is learning his lessons, which he can only learn under those circumstances. Thus, he comes to know that astrological prediction comes true because the soul is guided by Higher Beings, planets whose Judgment is never err.
Now, you may wonder how these planets and stars can influence events on Earth. Obviously the Sun is the basis of all life. According to the Vedas, it also projects a force of intelligence and spirituality. The Moon is important to all creatures and governs the fertility cycles of animals. In the Vedic system Moon rules the emotional nature. It is well known that the planets with their large magnetic fields and gravitational interaction with the Earth, affect it physically. It is not illogical either that they might have subtler influences.
Without the Law of Karma to explain the pattern of our lives, starting from birth, astrology makes little sense. Philosophically, Vedic astrology reflects the law of Karma, which includes both the aspect of fate and that of free will. Fate in Karma means that our present condition is the result of our past actions from previous lives. The outer events of our present life are ruled by past Karma and can be difficult to change. Free will in Karma means that we shape our future by our present actions.
Vedic astrology does not leave us helpless before the onslaughts of fate. It provides ways of dealing with our Karma. Vedic astrology holds that spiritual practices, like Yoga, prayer and meditation neutralize the effects of a bad astrological chart. Vedic astrology helps us to realize our true self, and helps us to know the divinity of the soul. It provides a clarification of your Karma. Vedic astrology alleviates what is perhaps the greatest fear for human beings uncertainty and anxiety about the future. It helps us navigate confidently through the confusing waves of Karma, aware of our outer destiny and our inner timeless self as well.
Vedic astrology uses the sidereal (according to the stars) positions of planets against the backdrop of the relatively fixed stars, as astronomers do. Vedic astrology calculates as the stars appear in the night sky
In Jyotisha, the positions of the planets and other significant points are calculated with respect to a person’s, or event’s, birth data. Based on this information your Vedic astrologer calculates about 100 charts and tables. It is the job of the Vedic astrologer to study them simultaneously and derive useful information based on the rules of interpretation created by ancient sages.
Both systems use the same twelve houses and interpret them similarly (though with variations). The Vedic system makes the cusp the same beginning of the house, while Western astrology makes the cusp the middle of the house. This causes half the planetary positions in the Vedic chart to move forward to the next house relative to the Western chart.
Vedic astrology uses an additional 27-fold division of the zodiac called Nakshatra (constellations). Personality traits are read more through the birth star (Nakshatra of the Moon) than by the Sun sign. Nakshatra positions of planets are examined in the birth chart as well. The use of Nakshatra is very important in Vedic astrology, much more than with zodiac signs.
Vedic astrology uses a system of planetary periods called Dasha, Major Period of various planets. Most important is Vimshottari Dasha, a 120-year-long cycle of planetary positions based upon the birth Nakshatra, stars. With the help of this Dasha, Major Period system a Vedic astrologer can predict future events very accurately. However, Western astrology does not have the Dasha system, with predictive capabilities as Vedic astrology does.
There are five main uses of Vedic astrology: 1. Kama – family and relationship issues like marriage compatibility, timing of children and domestic happiness; 2. Artha – help with finances, business and investments; 3. Dharma – determination of career and vocation; 4. Moksha – guidance in the spiritual life and cosmic and self-knowledge; and 5. Arogya – physical and mental health.
Today, even the scientific community accepts the fact that the construction of an atom is similar to the solar system. Just as the planets revolve around the Sun in their respective orbits, in the same way, the electrons revolve around the nucleus of the atom. An atom is so small that it cannot be seen with the help of the naked eye. Our body is made up of matter, which itself is made up of atoms. The law governing the movement of the planets around the Sun and the electrons moving around the nucleus of the atom is same.
Thus the planetary system within our body is just a symbol of the solar system. Nature has created the whole world in three qualities (Gunas). They are Satva (quality of goodness) Raja (having both the qualities of Satva and Tama (dark qualities).
The Planets, which have predominantly Satva Guna, shed cool rays, which are like ambrosia (Amrit). The planets, which have Raja Guna, shed mixed rays and the planets with Tamo Guna shed poisonous rays. And the planets, which lack all these three Gunas, have rays without any effect. The auspiciousness and inauspiciousness of the planets have been classified on the basis of these three types of rays.
The concept of ‘Muhurta’ (Hora, division of time) in Indian Astrology, too is an indication of all the three Gunas of the planets and their effects on humans. The positions of the planets vary because of their movement in their orbits. There are specific moments, during which the atmosphere of the planets are favourable and they shed rays, which are helpful to us, and again there are some specific moments when these planets act harmfully. So there is great importance attached to the concept of Muhurta.
The planets and stars not only have effect on human beings but also on the non-living things. The effects which the Moon and Sun have on the oceans causes high tides and low tides. Even modern science accepts that the 71% of the surface of the earth is covered with water and only 29% is land. Even our bodies and those of all the living beings constitute the same proportion i.e. 71% in water. So, if the Moon can cause tides on a non-living like the ocean, it can definitely affect a man who is a living being with a conscious mind.
PRACTICAL ASPECTS OF INDIAN ASTROLOGY
One of the many mysteries of Indian Astrology is that it does not have any good or evil effects but merely gives us prior information about the events that will occur.
Therefore, the chief objective and usefulness of Astrology is to make prior presumptions of the incidents by studying the nature and qualities of the planets. In this way, we can be alert well in advance and can even transform our sorrow into joy.
People, who believe that things which are bound to happen will certainly happen and cannot be changed, generally have no belief in Astrology. But there is no doubt that the prior knowledge of the favourability and unfavourability of the planets alerts a man to look for remedial methods. It can even make him alert to such an extent so that he takes such precautionary methods which will minimise or even nullify their effects. People who believe in destiny, have classified the Karma (action) in two parts (1) PRARABDHA,
Prarabdha means those actions, which were committed in the previous life and the results of which one faces in the present life.
Anarabdha means those actions, which are committed in the present life, or are about to be committed and the results will be faced in the next birth.
It is impossible to do Karmas without aims or objectives. The theory of Bhagyawada (Fatalism) is that one should do such Karmas, which give good results in the present and the next birth. People who do not believe in ‘PUNARJANMA’ (Reincarnation), work hard and do virtuous actions, but still remain poor and unhappy. On the other hand, there are people who do little work but still manage to acquire and accumulate wealth and enjoy life to the full extent. And again there are rich people who face the wrath of the nature and become poor. What are the reasons for that? Do the people, who don’t believe in destiny, have any explanations?
The Sun and the Moon are considered as the two principle planets, in Indian Astrology. The Sun is considered to be a ‘PURUSHA’ (Masculine) and the Moon is considered to be a ‘STREE’ or ‘PRAKRITI’ (Feminine). The planets, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus and Saturn have been said to be the five elements. The Astrological cycle moves around with the help of Purusha, Prakriti and all the five elements, altogether.
SUPERIORITY OF INDIAN ASTROLOGY
Today, almost all the newspapers and magazines publish daily predictions on the basis of date of birth and Sun signs (Zodiac sign); the western Astrology considers the Sun as the principal planet, whereas in Indian astrology, Moon has been given that honour. Due to this contradiction in the two systems, people get confused.
In Indian Astrology, both the Sun and the Moon have been given prominence. The factor affecting the Atma (Soul) is the Sun and the factor affecting the ‘Mana’ (Mind) is the Moon.
It implies that our body remains active as long as the symbol of Surya (Sun) that is Atma in our body exists. Without it, our body has no meaning. For the accomplishment of any work, we need a healthy body. So it is obvious that the Sun is the most important.
On the other hand, Moon is a factor affecting the mind (Mana). Indian philosophy considers that Mind is the principle factor that affects our feelings like joy and sorrow, wealth and poverty, and rise and fall etc.
According to Bhagvan Shri Adi Shankaracharya
MUN EVA MANUSHYAANAAM KAARANAM BANDH MOKSHAYOH
The great Poet Kalidas has said that
SARVASVE DVAYA SUMATI KUMATI SAMPADAAPATTI HETUH|
Kabir has said
AKATHA KATHAA MUN KI BADEE
TAA JUG KAAL NA KHAAYA
All these statements stress upon the greatness of the mind.
Our body can be compared with a chariot, our mind–the charioteer, and our sense organs as the horses of the chariot. Just as a charioteer controls the horses pulling the chariot, in the same way, our mind controls the body and senses and is not controlled by Atma (soul).
The importance of mind is, thus, obvious. Similarly the Moon, which has been compared to the mind, causes tides in the ocean. It is only because of the Moon’s motion that we know when it would be a high tide or a low.
Thus it is adequately proved that the zodiac signs based on the Chandra (Moon) and the calculations of Dasha (position of planets) and the calculations of Rashiphala (prediction made on the basis of zodiac signs) is relatively more subtle and near perfection.
TIME has been given the same type of importance in the science of astrology, which has been given to money in Economics, to fire in Chemistry and to wheel in Physics.
Our ancient sages had knowledge of the subtlest division of the time. They got this knowledge with the help of their divine-sight; in their deep state of meditation. They also knew about PAST, PRESENT and FUTURE with the same divine sight.
According to our scriptures, ‘the time taken to tear apart the softest of petals of a lotus’ is called ‘TRUTI’
100 Trutis make 1 Lub
30 Lub make 1 Nimesh
27 Nimesh make 1 Guru Akshar
10 Guru Akshar Make 1 Pran
6 pran Vighatika make 1 Ghatika or Dand
60 Ghati make 1 day and night
That means, in a day and night, there are 17,49,60,000,00 Trutis altogether, we may just wonder about the genious of our ancient sages and Rishis, because today, inspite of having facilities of modern laboratories and equipments, the modern science could identify 1 (one) second as the shortest division of the time. Thus, according to Western science, there are 86,400 seconds in a day and night, whereas in Indian science, a day and night consists of 17,49,60,000,00 Trutis.
According to another system, the division of time has been made as follows :
60 Tatparas = 1 Paras
60 Paras = 1 Vilipta
60 Vilipta = 1 Lipta
60 Lipta = 1 Ghatika (Dand)
60 Ghatika = 1 Day & Night
Therefore, it is clear that there are 46,65,60,000,00 Tatparas in a day and night.
DIVISION OF TIME-PERIOD (ERS) KAAL
SATYUG 4,32,000 YEARS X 4 = 17,28,000 YEARS
TRETA 4,32,000 YEARS X 3 = 12,96,000 YEARS
DWAPAR 4,32,000 YEARS X 2 = 8,64,000 YEARS
KALIYUG 4,32,000 YEARS X 1 = 4,32,000 YEARS
1 MAHAYUG (GRAND TOTAL OF ALL THE YUGAS) = 43,20,000 YEARS
71 MAHAYUG = 43,20,000X71 = 1 MANVANTAR
1 MANVANTAR = 30,6720,000 YEARS
14 MANVANTAR = 4,29,40,80,000 YEARS
(There are 14 Manvantars)
The earth remains submerged in the water for the period of 8,64,000 years i.e half the number of Satyug, before the start of each Manvantar, it also remains submerged in the water for the same number of years, i.e. 8,64,000 years, after the completion of each Manvantar.
So in 14 Manvantars the number of years
17,28,000 x 15 = 2,59,20,000
(Number of year in Satyug)
+ 14 Manvantar = 42,9, 40,80,000
1 Kalpa = 43,2,0000000 years
One day & night of Brahma = 4,320,000 Mahayug * 1000 = 4,32,00,00,000 years
Since the one moment in the life of Brahma is considered to be of our 10 years, therefore the age of Brahma in 100 years will be
4,32,00,00,000 x 360 x 100 = 155520 00 000 00 years
Therefore, it is quite clear that our ancient Rishis, with the help of their divine sight, had calculated the most minute and the most subtle division of time, as well as the most greater division, for the benefit of the mankind and which are followed by millions of Hindus even today.
OM TAT SAT BRAHMANONHI DWITEEYA PARARDHE SHRI SHVET VAARAAH KALPE SAPTAME VAIVASHVATA MANVANTARE ASHTAVINSHATI TAME KALI YUGE KALI PRATHAMA CHARANE.
(I make a resolution to begin this auspicious work in the second PRAHAR (a period of three hours) of the day Brahma, in the KALPA named ‘SHVETA VAARAAH’ in the 28th YUGA OF ‘VAIVASHVAT MANVANTARA’, in the first part of the Kali Yuga etc.)
That implies that there are 14 Manvantaras altogether. The present period is passing through the seventh Manvantara.
One Manvantara consists of 71 Mahayugs, out of which 27 Mahayugs have already passed. We are passing through the first phase of the Kali Yuga which itself is the third Yuga of the 28th Mahayuga and which has come after the passing of Satya Yuga, Treta and Dwapar Yuga.
The year of the Sankalpa can be ascertained from the beginning of the Kalpa as follows.
The time period of Manvantara (exclusive period, when the earth is submerged in water, in the beginning and in the end) = 30,67,20,000 years
1) Multiplying these years by 6 = 30,67,20,000 x 6 (Because we are in the midst of 7th Manvantara, of the Svetvaaraah Kalpa and 6 Manvantaras have already passed) = 1,84,03,00,000 years
The time period of Pralaya consists of 17,28,000 years since 7 Pralayas have passed, after the end of 6th Kalpa and before the beginning of 7th Kalpa, so 17,28,000x 7 = 1,20,96,000 years
After adding 1 2 2) we get
1,84,03, 00 000
+ 120 96 000
1,85, 23, 96 000 years
Therefore, after 1,85,24,16,000 years ‘VAIVASVAT MANVANTARA’ has started
2) 27 Mahayugs of Vaivasvat Manvantara have passed, 1 Mahayuga consists of 43,20,000 years. So after multiplying it with 27, we get,
43,20,000 x 27 = 11,66,40,000 years
+ 1,85,24,16,000 years
Total = 1,96,90,56,000 years
3) Now the time period of Kali Yuga in the 28th Yuga =
Time period of Satya Yuga = 17,28,000
Time period of Treta = 12,96,000
Time period of Dwapar = 8,64,000
TOTAL = 38,88,000
Since all the above three Yugas have already passed, it means that after 38,88,000 years, Kali Yuga came into existence.
4) Kali Yuga started on Bhadrapada,
Krishnapaksha -13th day, in Vyatipaat yoga at midnight, in the Aashlesha Nakshatra
And the age of the Kali Yuga has been fixed as 5101 years as till date that is Vikram Samvat 2057, Shaka 1922 and 2000 AD.
Sum of all the three Yugs = the Sum of 27 Mahayugas and Manvantar + the time period of Kali Yuga till date
Kalpa consist of 4,32,00,00,000 years and out of these 1,97,29,49,101 years have passed
Therefore, the earth’s existence, according to the methods, devised by our ancient sages, comes up to 1,97,29,49,101 years till date.
Many geologists too agree well with the age of the earth as given by our Rishis.
Vedic Astrology 1,2,3 & 4